José de Sousa recently published his paper “Export decision under risk” in the European Economic Review, 121, 2020, co-authored with Anne-Célia Disdier and Carl Gaigné.
The line: The most productive exporters are more affected by a higher industry-wide expenditure volatility than the least productive exporters.
Abstract: We show that economic uncertainty in foreign markets affects firms’ economic decisions, particularly those of the most productive firms. Using export data at both the industry and firm levels, we uncover two empirical regularities. First, demand uncertainty in foreign markets affects export entry/exit decisions (extensive margin) and export sales (intensive margin). If all destination countries exhibited the lowest volatility observed across destinations, then total French exports would rise by approximately 18% (an increase primarily driven by the extensive margin). Second, the most productive exporters are more affected by a higher industry-wide expenditure volatility than are the least productive exporters. The 25% most productive firms export, on average, 27% more in value than the 25% least productive firms in less volatile markets, while this difference decreases to 12% in the most volatile markets.