Quentin Hoarau a soutenu sa thèse le 16 décembre 2020. Elle s’intitule “Out with the pipe, in with the plug. On the economics of the energy transition in the automobile sector.” et a été réalisée sous la direction de Yannick Perez.
The development of electric mobility is the main technological compromise that will allow the automobile sector to drastically reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants. From the ban of thermal vehicles to the integration of electric vehicles in the power sector, this dissertation investigates several economic aspects of this transition. First, it empirically studies the impacts of urban policies that limit the access of most polluting vehicles by analyzing the behavior of car sellers on second-hand markets. Then it theoretically precises the optimal conditions of the electrification of the automobile fleet how governments may plan support policies for electric vehicles that take into account their interaction with the power system. Third it investigates the interaction between electric mobility and photovoltaic energy. It develops a systematic framework that enlightens technical and economic conditions of synergy. Fourth it discusses the distributional effects from tariff design of power networks with both distributed energy resources and electric mobility.